Армянская Молодёжная Федерация (Глендейл, США)
|Армянская Молодёжная Федерация (Глендейл, США)|
|Armenian youth federation (Glendale)|
|Адрес:||Н. Белмонт, 104, Санкт-Люкс, 206, Глендейл, Калифорния, 91206, США|
|Телефон/Факс:||818.507.1933; Факс: 818.240.3442|
Цели и задачи АМФТекст на английском языке
a) The establishment of a Free, Independent, and United Armenia
b) Armenia must be a democratic and socialist independent republic.
c) The boundaries of United Armenia must incorporate the territories awarded to Armenia by the Treaty of Sevres as well as the regions of Nakhichevan, Akhalkalak, and Karapagh.
d) The Armenian people, including its dispersed masses,must assemble on the territory of Independent Armenia.
e) The still unpunished crime of the Genocide against the Armenian people must be condemned and redressed by the return of the occupied territories and by the just reparation for losses to the Armenian people.
f) The basic laws of the Republic of Armenia shall be decided by the constitutional assembly of Armenia elected on the basis of universal, equal, direct, secret, and proportional representation.
These primary goals shall be served by accomplishing the other goals of the Armenian Youth Federation, as below:
To guide in the moral, social, and intellectual advancement of Armenian youth in order to gain a better understanding of themselves,To prevent assimilation of Armenian youth by stimulating interest in and promoting political, cultural, educational, athletic, and social activities within the Armenian community.
ВведениеТекст на английском языке
After the treaty of Lozane, which recognized Turkey as an independent nation and which in turn meant that Western Armenia was no longer in the hands of Armenians, and with the rise of the Bolshevik regime, Armenians saw that their hope of returning to their nation was now a distant dream. The Armenians in the United States now saw that they needed organizations to keep the Armenian culture alive.The ARF Gomidehs in the United States started to create youth groups across the nation. These groups included the Abrillian Sanner, Hyortiks of New York, Gaidzags, Raffis, and the Arams of Worcester. These groups were set up on the localized basis but all of them had a unifying goal, which was the belief that someday Armenia would become a free, independent, and united nation.
Ранние годыТекст на английском языке
Forty youths, from Boston, Brockton, Chelsea, Lawrence, Lynn, Watertown, Whitinsville, and Worchester, were present at the unprecedented conference. This conference decided to hold a convention in June of 1934, at which time the elections of the first Central Executive of the AYF were to be held. They also decided the ARF should appoint a committee of seniors to assist the organization for the coming year.
In the 1933-34 fiscal year many new chapters were formed across the country. It was due to the inspirational teachings of charismatic General Karekin Njdeh that AYF attracted thousands of members and supporters during that one year.
Forty chapters were represented during the first AYF Convention that took place at the Hairenik Hall. It was decided that the organization was to be named the ARF Tzeghagrons (or young pledgers), which was concerned with stopping assimilation and instilling the youth with Armenian pride. But the main goal remained to work against Kemalist Turkey and Communist Russia for the establishment of a free, independent, and united Armenia. The Convention also elected the first Central Executive composed of five members. The members of the Central Executive were Hamparsoum Gelanian, John Der Hovanessian, Hagop Hagopian, Arthur Giragosian and K. Merton Bozoian.
The Armenian Youth Federation worked to define the organization during its first years. Chapters were organizing programs such as the drum and bugle corps, theater troupes and charity service work like Boston's "Siamanto Santa".
The Armenian Youth Federation, which was often playing the role of an Armenian school, gave priority to its educational program. Each of the forty chapters organized educationals on the chapter level. The Central Executive provided lists of educational topics, printed a songbook of Armenian patriotic songs, published the book Highlights in Armenian History, written by the first AYF executive secretary James Mandalian, and produced biographies of historical figures. Chapters would conduct examinations at the end of each fiscal year, the results of which would be sent to the AYF central office to be graded. Individual participation was encouraged by a three-point educational plan, which was conceived by Harry Sachaklian.
In 1935 the AYF had established a scholarship fund for worthy and needy students who were pursuing higher education. Whereas other organizations at the time gave students aid in the form of loans, the AYF was the first Armenian organization in the United States to provide grants to the students.
One of the centerpieces of the AYF today is the Olympics, which began in 1934 in Brockton and immediately became an annual tradition. The Worchester "Aram" Chapter won every single event at the first Olympics setting an unsurpassable record. Other aspects of the athletic program included boxing, wrestling, baseball, soccer, and basketball, for which numerous inner chapter tournaments were organized.Hal Avedisian of Boston helped to promote the athletic program by creating cartoons that helped boost morale and develop organizational pride by featuring, often humorously, AYF achievements, characters, and other points of view.
Во время Второй мировой войныТекст на английском языке
IIn1944-45, it is estimated that over 1000 AYF members were in the Armed Forces. Chapters sent letters, issues in Hairenik Weekly, local news, packages, and presents to members in uniform. Also during this time, the AYF raised a combined total of approximately three quarters of a million dollars in war bond and war stamp. This campaign led to the purchase of a Mitchell B-25 and a Flying Fortress.
The AYF held a testimonial banquet in Detroit on June 29, 1946 to honor the members returning to the US from the War, and to pay tribute to those forty AYF members who had been killed during the war.
During 1942-1946 more than 800 youth joined the ranks of the Armenian Youth Federation. The AYF created the "Song of the Year" program, which helped members learn Armenian National and Revolutionary songs, and organized essay contests, which spurred a good deal of research. Also the first edition of the well-known AYF "Blue Book" series was published in the 1945-46 fiscal year thanks largely to the efforts of Haig Der Manuelian.With the end of the World War, AYF activity increased. Members returning from the war provided additional manpower to the organization, but this increase was short lived. The post-war years were followed by an era of declining membership due to geographic and demographic changes in the community. Despite these changes the AYF laid the foundation for another generation of youth. New programs were added to AYF's already wide array of activities, while established programs grew both in size and scope.
После Второй мировой войныТекст на английском языке
One of the greatest achievements of the post war years was the creation of the AYF Junior Organization in 1948. Instrumental in the formation of the AYF Junior Organization was Martin Bozoian, affectionately known as "Uncle Bozo." The Junior movement soon spread throughout the country, and through the concentrated efforts of people like Uncle Bozo, Sosy Krikorian Kadian, Mal Varadian, and Dick Sarajian, the Juniors soon rivaled the Senior organization with its own "Blue Book" program, Olympics, conferences, essay and literature contests, and more.
Also ranking as one of the period's outstanding accomplishments was the opening of Camp Haiastan, MA in 1951. Starting off slowly, and with separate boys and girls sessions, the camp grew gradually throughout the 1950's, becoming co-ed in 1957 and breaking the 50-camper mark the same year.A year later, the Armenian Youth Federation marked its 25th Anniversary with celebrations great and small throughout the US and Canada. These activities helped generate enthusiasm in the ranks and revitalize the organization as a new decade approached.
1960-еТекст на английском языке
1970-е и 80-еТекст на английском языке
In earlier years five regional structures (New England, Mid-Atlantic, Mid-West, California and Canada) had been created to address the problems brought on by the organization's vast expanse. By the 1970's however, the obstacles of geography had become overwhelming. The 1973-74 fiscal year saw the split of the AYF into three separate administrative entities: Western U.S., Eastern U.S., and Canada. Although mainly due to the separation of the parent organization's structures, the split also resulted from tensions caused by the difficulties and inefficiencies of operating long-distance.
In 1970 the Armenian Youth Federation Camp was established. For the first couple of years, the AYF rented different locations suitable for summer camp. The AYF Camp Committee decided to acquire its own place in the San Gabriel Mountains. The YMCA Camp Big Pines site happened to be available and very much suitable to the needs of the Armenian Youth Federation, because it was close to the Los Angeles area, and easily assessable to the San Joaquin Valley. In early 1978, the late Unger, Khatchig Khatchigian, and the ARF advisor to the AYF Musa Dagh Chapter of Los Angeles conducted negotiations for a ninety-year lease. The camp was purchased for $80,000.
In 1978 Vicken Hovsepian created the AYF Western Regions official publication, Haytoug. It was published because of the lack of a forum in which Armenian youth could write about controversial issues such as the Armed Struggle and other aspects of Armenian and world politics. The articles that were written for Haytoug encouraged AYF members to be more politically active. It is during this time that the Armenian armed struggle began, which was highlighted by the Lisbon Five takeover of the Turkish Embassy in Portugal in 1983.
During the early eighties the AYF had largely become a political organization that coordinated events such as hunger strikes and demonstrations to protest against the denial of the Armenian Genocide of 1915 by the Turkish Government and the rest of the world.In 1982 Hampig Sassounian, a 19-year old AYF member from the Pasadena "Nigol Touman" Chapter, was falsely arrested for the murder of the Los Angeles Turkish Consulate. Sassounian was convicted even though the prosecution could not provide evidence, which proved he was guilty. The case of Hampig Sassounian caused the community to unite for one goal that represented the Armenians and their centuries old struggle for the establishment of a free, independent, and united Armenia. Other similar cases that involved the AYF members followed, such as the LA Five, which continued to cause more interest in the Armenian Youth.