Монастырь Аричаванк

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Аричаванский монастырь
Harichavank (Artik)
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Конфессии: Армянская апостольская церковь
Состояние: Церковь-памятник

Harichavank (Artik. Armenia) Аричаванк (Артик. Армения) Harichavank

Founding Century: VIII, Region: Shirak, Location: Artik

There is an inscription on the north wall of this 8th century church which says: “By the grace and mercy of our mankind-loving God, I Zakare Mandatorta Amirspasalar of the Armenians and Georgians, son of the great Sargis, made this donation to the famous holy monastery of Haricha, for the benefit of its natural tenants, for the long life of my mast the Queen Tamar and for my safety and that of my brother Ivane and our children Shahnshah and Avag my parents. I built here a castle and cathedral at great expense and decorated it with plate and sacred objects of every kind. And my village Mokoris, which was near the holy monastery, I offered to the Holy Virgin, with all its lands and mountains and waters. And I gave a mill called Civaghats at Getik, a mill at Glifzor of Ani, and a garden at Tsaghkadzor, a garden at Yerevan and a garden at Talin, and I established the rule that the mass at the main altar always be celebrated in my name. Written in the year 750AD. The image of the brothers Zakare and Ivane is displayed on the E façade of the church. St. Gregory church, abutting the gavit of the main church at an angle, was built as early as the 7th century over a rock-cut tomb and may have been originally a martyr’s shrine. The site became a summer residence of the Catholicos, and displays substantial 19th century monastic architecture. One of the modern buildings houses a small museum.

The Monastery of Haricavank is located in the village of the same name (approx. coord. 40-36 / 44-04) in the region of Artik, Republic of Armenia.The village is 3 km southeast of the town of Artik, the regional center. Archaeological excavations begun in 1966 indicate that the nearby village of Harich was in existence during the 2nd century BC and was one of the more well known fortress towns in Armenia.

The monastery itself is surrounded by walls and includes the churches of S.Grigor Lusavoritch and S.Astvatsatsin, the two gavits, and several chapels constructed at various periods. The Church of S.Grigor Lusavoritch is attributed to the 7th century on the basis of its architectural details. The precise date of its founding is still unknown, however its is considered to have been no later than the 7th century. The probable date of construction for the Church of S.Grigor Lusaworitch is the 7th century and for the ruined basilican Church of S.Harutiun, located in a nearly cemetery, it is the 5th century. Two inscriptions on the Church of S.Astvatsatsin state that it was erected in 1201 AD by the Amirspasala Prince Zakare Zakarean. The complex subsequently became known as one of the most famous monastic centers in Armenia and it was especially renowned for its school and scriptorium.